As the economy boomed, so did the number of people seeking work in many sectors.
But a number of jobs in the fields of technology, finance, healthcare and education have long been disappearing, along with many of the jobs they replaced.
The trends have prompted concerns that America’s workforce is heading toward a “collapse” and that more than 20 million jobs will be lost by 2035.
Job trends for the first half of the decade:The number of new jobs rose sharply, from about 11 million in the second quarter of 1990 to more than 17 million in 1990.
But the number who left the job markets dropped dramatically, from almost 11 million people in the fourth quarter of 2000 to fewer than 8 million people today.
Most of those who left have found new jobs, but many have not found the right jobs.
In the last two years, the share of Americans who have been unemployed for more than a year rose to 19.9%, from 17.5% in 2000, according to data compiled by the National Association of Realtors.
The share of those with a jobless check-in rate has been rising since the recession, from 27% in December 2010 to 29.5%, according to the group.
At the same time, the number unemployed increased, from 1.9 million in February 2011 to 2.2 million today, according on a quarterly basis.
The jobless rate for people ages 16 to 64 rose from 7.5 percent in March 2010 to 7.9 percent in June 2011, while for people 65 and older it fell from 7% to 7%.
For people age 25 to 54, the jobless number fell from 9.2 percent in January 2011 to 7 percent today, a decrease of more than 5 million.
For those ages 55 to 64, the unemployment rate fell from 10.2% in January 2010 to 8.3% today, the lowest level since November 2000.
The number unemployed is also down in recent years for men, who now outnumber women in the labor force, according in the Pew Research Center.
Men who are unemployed have seen their unemployment rate drop by 5 percentage points over the last year, while those who are employed have seen a drop of nearly 2 percentage points, according the Pew research.
Even though Americans are now more likely to be in the job pool, they’re not getting the jobs.
In the third quarter of the year, nearly a quarter of Americans were working part-time, a trend that has been increasing in recent decades.
But that number has risen in recent months, as many of those working part time have found work in other sectors.
And some of those jobs have gone away altogether, with the unemployment number going down even as the number working parttime has increased.
In the third quarters of 2012 and 2013, the percentage of workers who were working full-time fell from about 37% to 36.6%, according on Pew Research.
“I am not suggesting that we are heading for a ‘collapse,’ ” said Mark Vitale, senior vice president for labor market statistics at the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
“But what I am saying is that there is a very clear decline in employment opportunities.”
The biggest problem for workers is that they have lost the ability to get raises.
A lot of people who are part-timers are just trying to get by.
I think a lot of them are in their 40s, 50s and 60s and they don’t have the financial ability to keep a job,” said Jason Parekh, chief economist for the National Federation of Independent Business, which represents many small businesses.
He said a lot can go wrong for a business when a worker has to take a job that pays less than the salary she or he was earning a year ago.”
It’s just going to end up being an employment issue, rather than a financial issue.”